Neo-Renaissance is an artistic movement that was born in Florence during the 15th century. The Renaissance Revival architecture collection is an assortment of 19th-century architectural styles that are neither Greek Revival nor Gothic Revival, but rather draw on a variety other classicizing Italian styles. This includes Baroque, Classical and Renaissance architectural styles. The most famous styles of this period are the Basilica di San Miniato al Monte and the Ponte Vecchio Fontana, the Duomo of Florence, the Medici Villa, and the Santa Croce Palace. Other styles that are important include the Ionian Style, the Roman Style and the Greek revival, Gothic revival and the Italianate.
The Neo-Renaissance architecture was criticised for putting too much emphasis on the visual form instead of the actual purpose of a building. However, as Joseph Schumpeter pointed out, there was more happening in the architecture of the time than just aesthetics. Neo-Renaissance art resulted in the awakening of a dormant culture, one that had been long since ignored by its creators. Through its structures, people came to realize that beauty was not only in the visual sense however, beauty could also be found in the details, in the interplay of form and function.
Florence was the capital of European Renaissance during the Renaissance. It was in Florence that many great artists resided and worked among them were Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Gorgios Dejanos, Jan van Gogh, and Michel Boucher. It was also a major center of politics at the time. Renaissance architecture is often described as an attempt to combine the aesthetics of the Greek and the Islamic worlds, to create a unified art form that would combine both East and West. The result was a move towards individualism, freethinking and a respect for individual artistic talents.
Neoclassicism (also known as Romanticism) was a protest against the excesses that were attributed to the French Revolution. It did have a certain merits. The French became concerned about their freedom of speech after the French Revolution. They also were known to criticize other people. In response to this, the French people took to the streets in demonstrations, burning property and threatening the clergy. In reaction the French government took control of all public buildings, universities, and press and began to censor any form of artistic expression.
The main reason for this new movement was the desire for simplicity, a desire to return to an era before the distractions of the modern age taken over the Renaissance. This resulted in a rejection of the highly embellished, egotistical and over-stated architecture of the day. The importance of simplicity was emphasized by the Neoclassics many of whom considered themselves radicals. After rejecting the excesses and the idioms of French architecture, the main attraction of the Neoclassics was their desire to create architecture that is based on natural materials. This is why Neoclassicism may be considered the classical art of its time.
Neo-Renaissance art was to eventually disappear from Western society, but not before it had produced some outstanding works of architecture and artwork. Although the Neoclassics did not disappear completely however their influence on Western art is undeniable. tonsilp Today, artwork, buildings furniture, clothing and furniture all bear some trace of their influence.
Neo-Renaissance architecture carries the characteristics of the Neoclassics. It is distinguished by rectitude, symmetry and a sense balance. Neoclassicism was also extremely attuned with nature, especially the physical world. In fact, one of the most famous Neo-Renaissance sculptures is the Vitruvian Man. Vitruvius is considered the founder of the modernist movement. His Vitruvian man is seen at the entryway of the Temple of Vitruvius, an ancient Roman temple constructed in limestone, marble, and plaster that resembles huge, life-size statues.
Neo-Renaissance art was criticized by both classical and postmodernists as lacking artistic merit. Domenico Dolce, for example was one of them. He criticized the “stature” of Vitruvius’ works after he had read them all. He believed that the statues were too simple and deep to be worthy of their highly stylized forms. Botticelli and other artists would refine the Neoclassicism movement and create new ideas, such as Futurism.